Anambra State – “Light Of The Nation”
Culture Travel

Anambra State – “Light Of The Nation”



Located in the south-east geopolitical zone of Nigeria, Anambra State is an inland state with its capital in Awka. The people of the state are warm, hospitable and highly enterprising and could be found engaged in trading all over the country. The state is comprised of 21 local government areas namely Aguata, Anambra, Anambra East, Awka North, Awka South, Anaocha, Ayamelu, Dukunofia, Nnewi North, Nnewi South, Ojoto, Onitsha North, Onitsha South, Ogbaru, Ekwusigo, Njikoka, Idemili North, Idemili South, Orumba North, Orumba South, Anaocha, and Ihiala.

Anambra State was created in 1976 from the old East Central State with its capital at Enugu. A further reorganization of the Nigerian federation in 1991 saw the state divided into two states, Anambra and Enugu states with its new capital at Awka.

People & CultureThe state is predominantly occupied by the Igbo ethnic group who by nature are farmers, fishermen, craftsmen and traders. Among crops grown by farmers in the state are yam, palm produce, rice, cassava, cocoyam, vegetables, and different varieties of fruit trees among others. They are also involved in fishing, particularly those living in the riverine areas of the state, while their craftsmanship are nationally and internationally recognized as evident in the iron smithing works of Awka people, the bronze sculptures of Igbo Ukwu etc.

Anambra state is renowned for its abundant works of art and this explains the avalanche of art centers and artists found in the state. The state is home to magnificent bronze works, iron works, pottery and artists that place the state in the league of the most cultural endowed states in Nigeria.

Geography Anambra State is located in the south central area of south eastern Nigeria. With Imo State, it forms the heartland of Igbo land. It has an estimated population of 7,821,850 million people which stretches over about 60 kilometers between surrounding communities. It is reputed to have the highest population density in Africa with an estimated density of 1500 – 2000 persons per square kilometer.

The state is bordered by Delta State to the west, Imo State to the south, Enugu State to the east and Kogi State to the north. Though its mineral resources remain untapped, Anambra State is rich in natural gas, crude oil, bauxite, ceramics and arable soil.


Anambra State boasts of undulating landscape with tall trees and rich vegetation that is green all year round. The state experiences two major seasons, the rainy season which starts at the end of the month of March and lasts till end of October and the dry season which starts in the month of November and ends in the month of March. It records about 3,000mm of rain water per annum, this makes the area suitable for agricultural production. Among food crops grown in the state include; yam, cassava, cocoyam, rice, pepper, palm produce among others.

Cities & Towns
Other important cities and towns include Onitsha, Nnewi, Obosi, Ogidi, Abagana, Alor, Atani, Nneni, Nkpor, Nnobi, Adazi Nnukwu, Adazi Enu, Adazi Ani, Oba, Ukpo, Umudioka, Okija, Awka-Etiti, Ekwulobia, Aguleri, Umuleri, Ihiala, Unubi, Nanka, Agulu, Ozubulu, Oraifite, Isuofia, Igbo-Ukwu, Ichida.

Egbe Cham
These are Dane guns used for hunting and ceremonies in pre-colonial days and most of these are of cast iron and locally made. It is a well known fact that these guns, made of iron and powered by gun powder were used by the Igbo even before recorded history.

Aluminium Pot Molding
This is a center of aluminum pot molding and production where craftmen exhibit cultural ingenuity and skill passed down the ancestral lineage by the progenitors. The production involves a high level of proficiency and efficiency which is shown by the large number of finished products turned out on daily basis.

Igbo-Ukwu Bronzes
Igbo-Ukwu an ancient town and renowned cradle of Igbo civilization has remained an attraction to tourists because of its bronze artifacts dating back to the 9th century A.D which was first discovered in 1938. The artifacts discovered and kept in Igbo-Ukwu museum include vessels and pots, decorated staff heads, bronze snakes etc.

Ogba Waterfalls, Owerre-Ezukala
This is an impressive waterfall at Owerre Ezukala a border town in Anambra State, which shares boundaries with Imo, Abia and Enugu States.The waterfall is found in front of the Ogba Ukwu cave gushing out from a spring on top of the huge and imposing Ogba Rock. It forms an eternal stream at the foot of the cave, rains down forever. The amazing part of this scenic waterfall is that the water that falls on the heap of rock below forms a sparkling rainbow color that leaves a tourist gaping in wonder. The enticing waterfall is better seen than described.

Rojenny Tourist Village, Oba
Located in Oba along Onitsha/Owerri road, the tourist village provides exotic tropical atmosphere for relaxation, picnicking, cultural entertainment and nature conservation. It has a small game reserves with animals such as baboon, chimpanzee, crocodile, alligators, peacock, water turtle, python, eagle, lion, tortoise, hyena, hawk, green monkey etc.

Agulu Lake
Situated between Agulu and Nri communities of Anaocha Local Government Area, the lake is a natural lake with a width of about 7km and it is rich in aquatic life, such as rare species of crocodiles, fish etc. The beautiful scenery of the lake provides a soothing environment for picnics as well as water sports such as skiing, boating and fishing.

Idemili Cultural Centre
Situated just by Agulu Lake, the centre is magnificent building owned by the Chief Priest of Agulu Lake and it offers a beautiful panoramic view of the lake.

Odinani Museum
The museum at Nri village in Anaocha LGA is sponsored by the Institute of African Studies, University of Ibadan. Its core collections include a wide range of sculptural works, paintings, carvings, pottery, traditional costumes, ancient war equipment and metal works.

Ikenga Virgin Forest
This is the only known virgin forest in Nigeria as the thick forest reserve has neither been cultivated nor its trees cut till date. It is a typical rainforest composed of tall evergreens, climbers and thick shrubs reputed to be the home of many species of animals that have gone extinct in other parts of the country.

Butu Lake, Omogho
This is an offshoot of the Odo River, covering a large 10 hectares of land and people come here all year round for fishing and excursions. The lake provides water for irrigation of nearby rice and vegetable farms during the dry season.

Okpu Ana Natural Spring, Ukpor
This spring whose source is unknown simply gushes out of a large boulder embedded in a cliff and is regarded as the purest waters to be found anywhere. The spring forms a stream at the bottom, which has a beautiful bet of white clay, giving it an entirely surreal atmosphere.

Obu Ofo-Nri Museum: This is a private museum established by the Eze Nri of Enugwu-Ukwu and it has a wide range of collections of works of arts. There exist also other craft ships and galleries in Nri where tourist can easily buy works of arts.

Agulu/Nanka Erosion Site
This is a gully of about two hundred meters deep and extensive site covering several square kilometres. The site continues to attract tourists and scholars within and outside the country.

The River Niger Bridge
The bridge spanning across River Niger connecting Onitsha South LGA in Anambra State with Asaba in Delta State. The bridge is the gateway between the east and western Nigeria.

Onitsha Main Market
This market is believed to be the largest in West Africa in which all forms of trades are transacted daily.

Other places of interest include:
Ajalli Cave,
Obutu Lake,
Ndi Kelionwo (Orumba North LGA),
Iyiocha/Amaekpala Lake (Aguata LGA),
Ezu Nwobinagu Lake, Nawfia,
Otuocha Sand Beach

Onitsha Main Market
Onitsha Main Market is a real local business located in Onitsha which provide deals, discounts, products, and services. This market serves most other markets in the country and stocks everything in bulk, including imported vegetables from northern traders. Contact: Market Rd, Onitsha.

Eke Awka Market
The very busy Eke Awka market is the biggest in Awka, in the heart of Anambra State. It’s a one-stop-shop for the locals who can find items such as clothes, furniture and other household goods. The market has numerous plazas where you can find different boutiques and supermarkets prominently displaying and advertising their goods.

Rojenny Tourist Village, Oba
Located in Oba along Onitsha/Owerri road, this tourist village has a guest house of over 50 rooms, Nite Club, African bar restaurant, children’s park, olympic size swimming pool, tennis court, basketball court, volleyball courts etc. Contact: KM 11, Onitsha-Owerri Rd, Oba. Te: +234 8033412712.

Tourist Garden Hotels
Located in Awka along Enugu-Onitsha Express Way, the hotel is one of the newest luxurious hotels offering unparalleled choices of facilities, entertainment and relaxation where visitors can enjoy panoramic views of of the city in an unspoiled country. Contact: Along Enugu-Onitsha Express Way, Awka. Tel: +234 -048-551741-5, 551826, 551833, 551836

Marble Arch Hotels
The hotel has about 100 elegant and warmly furnished rooms, well spacious with swimming pool and other modern facilities. The hotel is located in a serene environment. Contact: 1-5 Marble Arch Drive, Off Oby Okoli Avenue, Awka. Tel: +234 46322319, 08037849636, 07086415148

Pasodina Central Suites
Located in Uwani, just 15 minutes drive to the airport, and also very close to the Ekene Dili Chukwu bus terminal. The hotel offers cheap room rates with great facilities as well as 24 hours laundry services. Contact: No. 2 Anyaegbunam Street, Uwani, Enugu. Tel: +234-703-9492328

Barnhill Resort & Park
This is a 37-room bed and breakfast with a Japanese garden and a canopy and chairs. Their rooms are elegantly furnished, comfortable sand spacious with plasma TVs, Wi-fi etc. Contact: 3 Offodile Avenue, Agu-Awka. Tel: +234 703502 3020.

Queens Suites
Affordable and centrally located, Queen Suites has a small garden, a restaurant, a bar, swimming pool, gift shop and a gym. Contact: Iyiagu Estate, Awka. Tel: +234 8075023011

Golphin’s Suites
Golphin’s Hotels and Suites is fully equipped with modern facilities such as sterilized swimming pool, internet access in all rooms, indoor/outdoor bar, wake up calls on demand, duty free shop, 24/7 cable TV etc. Contact: Plot G5 Golphin’s Close, Unizik Junction, Awka. Tel: +234 80-39176983.

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